Ingredient Glossary

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

A

Allantoin
(derived from the comfrey plant) – has reviving and stimulating properties and is used by aromatherapists to help soothe skin and calm stress. It was used during the wars for its exceptional wound healing and antibiotic benefits.  Its considerable hydrating properties make it an effective itch-remedy and a reliable barrier shielding skin from irritations such as contact dermatitis.

 

Algae and Algae Extract
A potent sea mineral and antioxidant which provides various benefits in cosmetic applications. Algae nourishes and soothes all skins types, even mature and sensitive skin. It may help to increase the skin’s moisture content while acting as an anti-irritant, effectively improving the quality of sensitive skin. Research suggests that some algae may also protect the skin against the effects of UV radiation. In mascara and brow products, it conditions and protects brow hairs, making them healthier, smoother and more manageable. These extracts also condition and protect lashes to reduce splitting and breaking.

 

Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Extract (First Aid Plant)
A compound expressed from the leaf of the aloe plant. There are more than 300 species. Used medicinally for more than three thousand years. It is referred to in the Bible. Used for its softening benefits in cosmetics. Hydrating and soothing. The specifically formulated and purified aloe vera in our gel is less sensitizing than raw gel.

 

Anthemis Nobilis (Chamomile) Flower Extract
Anti-inflammatory and antiseptic. Studies have shown that it reduces dryness, itching, redness and sensitivity in irritated and inflamed skin. Extract obtained from the flower heads.

 

Anthemis Nobilis (Chamomile) Flower Oil
Oil made from the flowers of the plant Anthemis nobilis, also known as Roman chamomile or English chamomile. It is one of the plants used to make chamomile tea. It is a fragrant skin conditioner that soothes the skin and acts as an anti-irritant.

 

Ascorbyl Palmitate
A salt of ascorbic acid used as a preservative and antioxidant.

 

B

Borago Officinalis (Borage) Seed Oil
An herbal extract with emollient properties. Rich in stores of a therapeutic fat called gamma linolenic acid (GLA), an omega-6 fatty acid. An anti-inflammatory which may help to clear acne and rosacea.

 

Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter)
A natural fat obtained from the fruit of the karite tree.

C

Calendula Officinalis (Marigold) Flower Oil and Calendula Officinalis (Calendula) Flower Extract
Has soothing, antiseptic, and anti-itching properties. Effective for oily and/or delicate skin as well as for acne.

 

Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Leaf Extract
Recently discovered to have many nutritional and healthful qualities. It contains 20 times the antioxidant effect of vitamin E and increases the effect of sunscreens. High in ethylxanthines, which are believed (by the National Cancer Institute) to prevent skin cancer. Green tea also helps prevent irritation of the skin.

 

Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Leaf Oil
Oil derived from the leaves of the Camellia Sinensis tea plant generally recognized as a powerful anti-aging ingredient. In addition to its potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, recent research suggests that the compound epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) contained in green tea can protect skin from UV damage and prevent the breakdown of collagen.

 

Cananga Odorata (Ylang Ylang) Flower Extract
Infusion of ylang ylang essential oil. Ylang Ylang is a sebum balancer and a supposed aphrodisiac.

 

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride
An oily mixture derived from coconut oil. Used extensively as a vehicle for pigment dispersion.

 

Caprylyl Glycol
Emollient, skin conditioning and humectant.

 

Centella Asiatica
(also known a sGuto Kola and Tigergrass)) - is an outstanding cell- renewing botanical and a widely used remedy in traditional Asian medicine known as a naturally active trigger that aids in the formation of collagen and cellular dermal repair.

 

Cetyl Acetate
An emollient, used to smooth and soften the skin.

 

Cetyl Alcohol
A solid fatty alcohol used as an emollient and emulsifier. It also functions as a thickener and carrying agent for other ingredients.

 

Cetyl Stearate
A natural emollient. Ours is vegetable-sourced.

 

Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Flower Extract
Soothing and conditioning extract from the heads of chamomile flowers.

 

Citric Acid
Extract derived from citrus and used to adjust the acidity and pH of products to prevent them from being too alkaline.

 

Citrus Aurantium Amara (Bitter Orange) Fruit Extract
In a concentrated form along with Sodium Ascorbate it aids in fading brown spots and increasing skin luminosity. It is also a potent antioxidant, skin conditioner and provides a lovely citrus scent.

 

Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Oil
An orange essential oil comprised of esters which have many skin enriching benefits. Provides a lovely natural fragrance.

 

Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Peel Extract, Citrus Sinensis (Orange) Peel Oil Expressed and Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Peel Wax
A skin conditioner also used as a binder and emulsion stabilizer.

 

Citrus Medica Limonum (Lemon) Peel Oil, Citrus Medica Limonum (Lemon) Fruit Extract and Citrus Limon (Lemon) Peel Extract
Antioxidants, serving as skin conditioning agents with anti-irritant properties and a lovely citrus scent.

 

Citrus Paradisi (Grapefruit) Fruit Extract
In a concentrated form along with Sodium Ascorbate it aids in fading brown spots and increasing skin luminosity. It is also a potent antioxidant and anti-irritant that helps with facial oil control.

 

Citrus Tangerina (Tangerine) Extract
A natural extract from the peels of ripe tangerines, it is used to calm and feed the skin.

 

Coco-Caprylate/Caprate
A mixture of esters of Coconut Alcohol with Caprylic Acid and Capric Acid that is used as an emollient and emulsifier, and serves as a skin conditioning agent.

 

Cocoglycerides
An emollient from coconut oil that gives the skin a soft, smooth appearance.

 

Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil
A natural emollient and moisturizer.

 

Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Water
Used in BeautyPrep Face Toner, this is a pure botanical water extracted directly from the plant and encapsulated in liposomes which deliver a maximum amount of moisture to the skin.

 

Copernicia Cerifera (Carnauba) Wax
Exuded by the leaves of a Brazilian tree to conserve its moisture. Called the tree of life by the natives because of the use they make of its various products.

 

Cucumis Sativus (Cucumber) Fruit Extract and Cucumis Sativus (Cucumber) Seed Extract
A skin conditioning agent that hydrates the skin and serves as a potent antioxidant. It also has a soothing and calming effect on the skin. Our Cucumber Seed Extract, used in BeautyPrep Face Cleanser, is quite rare in cosmetic formulas and is certified organic.

 

D

Disodium EDTA
Absorbs metals from the body.

E

Ethylhexylglycerine
Natural Preservative.

 

Ethylhexyl Stearate
An emollient derived from vegetable oils.

 

Euphorbia Cerifera (Candelilla) Wax
An herbal wax obtained from various Euphorbiaceae species. Used in cream to powder formulations to give them body.

 

Esters
Esters are molecules of a fatty acid and a fatty alcohol.

F

At present we do not have any ingredients in this category.

G

Glycerin
Derived from vegetable oil. Used as a solvent.

 

Glyceryl Caprylate
An emollient and emulsifier prepared from vegetable glycerin.

 

 

Glyceryl Stearate
Derived from vegetable glycerin. Used as an emulsifier and a humectant.

 

Glycol Stearate
Comes from vegetable glycerin and is used as a humectant.

H

Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Extract
A natural astringent which evaporates quickly.

 

Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil
Obtained by milling the seeds of large sunflowers. Contains large amounts of vitamin E.

 

Hyaluronic Acid
A water-binding agent.

 

I

Isopropyl Myristate
An emollient and thickening agent.

 

J

Jojoba Oil
Oil extracted from the beanlike seeds of the desert shrub Simmondsia chinensis. Jojoba most closely resembles the skin’s natural sebum and provides some protection against UV rays.

K

At present we do not have any ingredients in this category.

L

Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Flower Water
From certified organic lavender extract, it calms, soothes and protects the skin.

 

Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Oil
An anti-inflammatory from certified organic lavender, it soothes irritated skin.

 

M

Mangifera Indica (Mango) Seed Oil
Oil extracted from the fruit of a tropical evergreen tree.

 

Melaleuca Alternifolia (Tea Tree) Extract
A natural antiseptic.

 

Mentha Piperita (Peppermint) Leaf Extract
A flavoring.

 

N

At present we do not have any ingredients in this category.

O

At present we do not have any ingredients in this category.

P

Panthenol
Vitamin B Complex Factor. Used to condition hair. It is good for human tissues.

 

PEG-100 Stearate
An emulsifying agent.

 

PEG-Crosspolymer
A PEG compound that is cross-linked to fatty esters and helps stabilize the gel like texture of the product.

 

Persea Gratissima (Avocado) Oil and Persea Americana (Avocado) Oil
is a potent emollient rich in vitamins and fatty acids, which boosts skin immunity and hydration. It is a source of Vitamin C but rich also in Vitamins A, B E and K, essential minerals and phytochemicals all of which optimise vital biological processes.

 

Phenoxyethanol
A preservative.

Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis (Sweet Almond) Seed Extract
Hydrating, soothing and smoothing to support the refinement of skin, this oil is rich in essential fatty acids and trace minerals and used in our formulations for the rejuvenation of skin texture.

 

Q

Quillaja (Soap Bark)
A natural low-foaming cleanser derived from the bark of the Quillaja shrub. It provides an excellent alternative to SLS formulas and is safe for use on young and vulnerable skin.

 

R

Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil
Expressed from the beans of the castor oil plant. Soothing to the skin.

 

Rosa Damascena Flower Extract/Water, Rosa Centifolia Extract, Rosa Canina (Rosehips) Fruit Extract and Rosa Alba Flower Extract
Water and extracts obtained from the petals and flowers of various rose species used for antioxidant, anti-irritant, skin-conditioning and aromatic properties.

 

Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Extract
Derived from the flowering evergreen. It contains antioxidants and has anti-inflammatory properties.

 

S

Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil
Oil extracted from the beanlike seeds of the desert shrub Simmondsia chinensis. It has been used for many years by Mexican and American Indians for hair and skin care. Of any oil, it most closely resembles the skin’s natural sebum. It gives some protection against UV rays.

 

Sodium Ascorbate
A water-soluble, stable form of vitamin C, which along with a concentrated form of Grapefruit Fruit Extract and Bitter Orange Fruit Extract, helps in fading brown spots, brighten the skin and also serves as an antioxidant.

 

Sodium Chloride
More commonly known as common table salt is used as a binding agent.

 

Sodium Hyaluronate
A hyaluronic acid, it attracts moisture, thereby improving the appearance of dry or damaged skin and helping to smooth wrinkles.

 

Sodium PCA
An essential amino acid and moisturizer. Reaches areas of the skin where the skin’s own sodium PCA cannot.

 

Spirulina Platensis (Algae) Extract
See Algae and Algae Extract

 

Squalane
A natural moisturizing agent.

 

Stearic Acid
Derived from butter acids and other oils. Used as a softener.

 

T

Tocopherol
Natural Vitamin E. We include this topical antioxidant and natural preservative which is renowned for its many skin benefits. It acts as an antioxidant and together with Vitamin C facilitates the production of collagen in the skin. We blend with natural vitamin E because it is tolerated well in most instances.

 

U

At present we do not have any ingredients in this category.

V

Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Extract
An extract used for its healing, soothing, antioxidant properties.

 

W

Water/Eau/Aqua
Deionized water.

 

Wheat Germ Glycerides
High in vitamin E, a potent antioxidant, used as a texturizer and emollient.

X

Xanthan Gum
Also called corn sugar gum. Used as a thickener, emulsifier and stabilizer.

Y

At present we do not have any ingredients in this category.

Z

Zinc Oxide
Also known as Flowers of Zinc, is derived from the mineral sphalerite which occurs in limestone and dolomites. Zinc is believed to encourage healing of skin disorders. It is insoluble in water. In an ointment, it is used as an antiseptic and as a protection against skin diseases.

 

Zinc Stearate
Zinc Soap (a mixture of zinc salts). Widely used in cosmetics because it contributes to adhesive properties.

 

Zingiber Officinale (Ginger) Root Extract
Used for flavor.